Current 10 Best Backhoe Truck Brand Recommendations

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In the domain of heavy-duty machinery, backhoe trucks emerge as versatile workhorses renowned for their ability to tackle a diverse range of tasks within construction sites, road maintenance projects, and utility installations.

These robust vehicles seamlessly integrate the functionalities of a loader and an excavator, thereby delivering unparalleled efficiency and adaptability in addressing a wide array of earthmoving challenges.

Within this exploration of backhoe trucks, we delve into their core features, operational capabilities, and prominent brands that dominate the market with their innovative designs and dependable performance.

Whether you’re an experienced professional looking to enhance your fleet or a newcomer interested in these indispensable machines, this guide endeavors to illuminate the significance of backhoe trucks in various industries. Thus, let us embark on this journey to uncover the leading brands and their offerings within the realm of backhoe trucks.

What is a Backhoe Truck?

backhoe truck

A backhoe loader comprises three primary components: a tractor positioned between a loader at the front of the machine and a backhoe at the rear.

The term “backhoe” may cause confusion as it can refer to both the attachment located behind the machine and, colloquially, to the entire machine itself. To delineate between the two, here are succinct definitions:

  • Backhoe Loader: Refers to the entire construction vehicle.
  • Backhoe Arm: Denotes the loader bucket that can be affixed to various machines such as bulldozers, excavators, and loaders.

The backhoe is sometimes mistaken for an excavator due to their shared purpose of digging and their articulated booms with buckets at the end. However, excavators lack a front loader.

The backhoe loader is comprised of several essential elements, including stabilizer legs, the tractor, the backhoe, the bucket, the cab, and the front-end loader.

  • Tractor: Serves as a core component of the backhoe loader.
  • Front Loader: The loader bucket located at the front of the machine, responsible for lifting and moving materials via a hydraulic system.
  • Backhoe: The rear portion of the loader, equipped with a digger bucket, also known as a dipper stick.
  • Stabilizer Legs: Positioned behind the rear wheels, these legs enhance safety and prevent tipping.
  • Bucket: The attachment at the end of the loader, utilized for digging holes and uprooting trees.
  • Cab: Located above the tractor, this component shields the operator from airborne debris and objects.

The 10 Best Backhoe Truck Brand Manufacturers

In North America, there are several prominent backhoe brands, such as John Deere, Caterpillar, CASE, and others. Choosing the best option among these can pose a challenge due to the variety available.

While many contractors and equipment operators may have personal preferences, determining the optimal backhoe depends on several factors. These factors encompass the scale of the project, the specifications of the backhoe, its intended applications, the control system it employs, and the operator’s familiarity with both the brand and the specific model.

To aid in decision-making, this comprehensive guide offers a detailed comparison of the leading backhoe manufacturers in North America. It furnishes insights into the strengths, weaknesses, and technical specifications of each brand.

The objective is to facilitate informed choices when purchasing or renting equipment for upcoming projects. You can conveniently navigate to specific brand comparisons by selecting the corresponding links provided below.

1. JCB

Established in 1945 with a focus on manufacturing tipping trailers for the agriculture industry, JCB has emerged as a prominent player in the production of construction, agriculture, waste handling, and demolition equipment.

From its inception, JCB has been at the forefront of innovation, notably introducing the first backhoe loader in 1953. Over the years, the company has expanded its portfolio to encompass a range of backhoe models, each distinguished by its dig depth and other key specifications.

JCB evaluates the performance of each model across five fundamental attributes: versatility, productivity, safety, comfort, and serviceability.

Below are the specifications for some of JCB’s notable backhoe models:

ModelDig DepthEngine PowerOperating Weight
JCB 1CXT10 ft. 1 in.49 hpNot specified
JCB 3CX Compact14 ft. 2 in.74 hpNot specified
JCB 3CX18 ft. 6 in.74 hpNot specified
JCB 3CX-1520 ft. 1 in.109 hpNot specified
JCB 4CX-1520 ft. 1 in.109 hpNot specified

These models showcase JCB’s commitment to providing solutions that excel in performance, efficiency, and user experience across various applications.


With a heritage spanning 180 years, CASE has established its orange-colored machinery as among the most iconic in the United States. The company provides a range of five backhoe models, each offering engine power varying from 74 to 110 horsepower, tailored to specific needs.

Prospective buyers can explore a selection of 17 backhoe attachments, enabling them to customize their equipment precisely for the task at hand. Renowned for cabin comfort, lift capacity, and robustness, CASE backhoes are highly regarded in the heavy machinery industry.

As a leading manufacturer in its field, CASE’s products are sought after worldwide, demonstrating its global presence and reputation for quality.

CASE ModelDig DepthEngine Power (hp)Operating Weight (lbs)
580N EP14 ft. 11 in.7415,995
580N14 ft. 8 in.9016,589
580 Super N14 ft. 4 in.9717,810
580 Super N WT14 ft. 5 in.11020,760
590 Super N15 ft. 5 in.11021,325

3. CAT

A prominent entity in the industry, Caterpillar, commonly known as CAT, holds a distinguished position as the foremost manufacturer of various heavy-duty equipment.

Specializing in construction equipment, mining machinery, natural gas engines for industrial turbines, and diesel-electric locomotives, CAT’s product range caters to diverse industrial needs.

Within its extensive lineup, CAT presents eight distinct models of backhoes, tailored to meet the demands of construction professionals and enthusiasts alike. These backhoes boast impressive features, including dig depths reaching up to 17 feet and substantial operating weights of up to 29,321 pounds, ensuring optimal performance across various worksites.

CAT ModelDig DepthEngine PowerOperating Weight
415 LN/A69 hp17,637 lbs
41514 ft.70 hp24,251 lbs
41614 ft.86 hp24,251 lbs
42014 ft.92 hp24,251 lbs
420 XE14 ft.92 hp24,251 lbs
44015 ft. 6 in.104 hp29,321 lbs
43015 ft. 1.2 in.107 hp24,251 lbs
45017 ft.131 hp29,321 lbs

4. John Deere

John Deere, established in 1837, stands as one of the most enduring American corporations specializing in heavy machinery manufacturing. Leveraging its extensive reservoir of user data, John Deere develops a diverse range of machinery tailored to various applications.

Within its product lineup, John Deere presents seven distinct backhoe models, each meticulously designed with considerations for engine power, dig depths, and operating weights, ensuring suitability for a wide spectrum of projects.

ModelDig DepthEngine Power (hp)Operating Weight (lbs)
310L EP13 ft. 8 in.6913,822
310L14 ft. 1 in.10014,669
310SL14 ft. 3 in.10315,872
315SL13 ft. 5 in10317,554
310SL HL15 ft. 1 in.11316,571
410L15 ft. 11 in.11617,786
710L17 ft. 3 in.14825,588

5. Komatsu

Komatsu is a renowned Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the production of a wide range of equipment for construction, mining, forestry, energy, and military applications.

Leveraging cutting-edge technological innovations, Komatsu consistently develops advanced machinery, including backhoes, while maintaining a commitment to environmental sustainability.

Within its product lineup, Komatsu presents a comprehensive selection of eight distinct backhoe models. These models are characterized by their diverse operating weights, bucket capacities, engine power ratings, and travel speeds, catering to a variety of industry needs and project requirements.

Komatsu ModelsDig DepthEngine PowerOperating Weight
WB93R-5Varies99.2 hp17,791.3 lbs
WB93S-5Varies99.2 hp18,849.52 lbs
WB97R-5Varies99.2 hp17,989.72 lbs
WB97S-5Varies99.2 hp19,180.22 lbs
WB93R-8Varies101 hp17,923.58 lbs
WB93S-8Varies101 hp17,868.47-22,046.23 lbs
WB97R-8Varies101 hp16,115.79-19,885.7 lbs
WB97S-8Varies101 hp18,210.18-22,046.23 lbs

6. Volvo CE

Volvo Construction Equipment, based in Sweden, is a global corporation specializing in the production of machinery for construction and allied sectors.

Operating under the umbrella of its parent company, Volvo, renowned for its commitment to safety in vehicle manufacturing, Volvo CE focuses on delivering robust, dependable, and secure equipment to its clientele.

An illustration of Volvo CE’s dedication to providing high-quality machinery is exemplified in its range of ten backhoe models.

These models are meticulously engineered to meet the rigorous demands of construction tasks, offering a blend of reliability, durability, and safety features. Noteworthy specifications include substantial operating weights, enhancing efficiency and ease in demolition operations.

Volvo CE ModelDig DepthEngine PowerOperating Weight
BL60B14 ft. 7 in.83/91 hp15,410-20,459 lbs
BL61B13 ft. 11 in.83/91 hp15,508.73-20,106/16 lbs
BL6014 ft. 5.4 in.86 hp15,652.82 lbs
BL6113 ft. 9.7 in.86 hp17,480.45 lbs
BL70B14 ft. 11 in.91/98 hp16,777-21,671 lbs
BL71B14 ft. 1 in.91/98 hp17,063.78-21,605.3 lbs
BL61 Plus13 ft. 11 in.94 hp21,913.94 lbs
BL7014 ft. 4 in.94 hp18,959.75 lbs
BL7114 ft. 0.9 in.94 hp17,601.70 lbs
BL71 Plus14 ft. 0.9 in.100 hp18,937.70 lbs

7. Kubota

Kubota, a renowned manufacturer of agricultural machinery, was founded in 1890 and is headquartered in Osaka, Japan. Recognized for its dedication to simplifying ground-level tasks, Kubota has become a favored option for various agricultural endeavors such as planting, farming, and construction.

Among its offerings are three backhoe models equipped with twin operating pedals and hydraulic power steering, enhancing project efficiency. Kubota’s persistent efforts to address the complexities associated with operating heavy machinery set it apart within the competitive landscape.

Kubota ModelDig DepthEngine PowerOperating Weight
B268 ft. 4.8 in.24.3 hp4,001 lbs
L4710 ft. 1 in.47.1 hp7,205 lbs
M6214 ft. 1.8 in.63 hp8,925 lbs

8. New Holland

New Holland is a renowned American manufacturer specializing in earth handling equipment, tracing its roots back to its establishment in 1895.

Notably, it expanded its portfolio to encompass a comprehensive range of agricultural machinery just over three decades ago. Benefitting from its partnership with CNH Industrial, New Holland has established a global presence, with its headquarters situated in Italy.

The company’s backhoe offerings comprise three distinct models, characterized by striking aesthetics featuring bold black accents complemented by a vibrant yellow exterior.

Each model is designed to operate efficiently, offering either power-shift or power-shuttle transmission options, with impressive operating weights reaching up to 18,452 pounds.

ModelDig DepthEngine PowerOperating Weight
B100C18 ft. 5.4 in.114 hp17,901.54 lbs
B110C19 ft. 3.4 in.121 hp17,901.54 lbs
B115C19 ft. 3.4 in.121 hp18,452.69 lbs

What to Consider When Choosing a Backhoe Truck

Once the decision to utilize a backhoe for your project is made, several considerations arise regarding the specific type required. Backhoes vary in size and power, with different capacities for digging and lifting. When contemplating either renting or purchasing a backhoe, the following factors merit attention:

  1. Digging Depth: The depth a backhoe can reach varies depending on its size. Compact models typically excavate to depths of 6-8 feet, while larger variants can dig up to 14 feet. Assessing the required digging depth is crucial, whether for tree removal or excavation for a pool installation.
  2. Bucket Size: The size of the backhoe’s bucket is essential, especially for handling heavier loads. Standard backhoes typically lift between 5,500 and 8,200 pounds, offering bucket sizes ranging from 12 to 36 inches.
  3. Horsepower: The horsepower of the backhoe is a critical consideration. Options range from 20 hp for a Terramite mini-backhoe to 109 hp for a larger John Deere 410/CASE 590 model. Selecting the appropriate horsepower ensures efficient operation for the intended tasks.
  4. Type of Job and Attachments: Assessing the specific job requirements and operating environment is essential. Backhoe attachments beyond buckets, such as augers, grapples, hammers, rippers, and thumbs, may enhance productivity and versatility based on the job’s nature and demands.

FAQs about Backhoe Truck

What is a backhoe truck?

A backhoe truck, also known as a backhoe loader, is a versatile piece of heavy equipment used in construction, excavation, landscaping, and utility work. It combines the capabilities of a loader (for loading and transporting materials) and an excavator (for digging and trenching).

Its unique design features a digging bucket on the back end and a loader bucket on the front end, mounted on a chassis similar to that of a tractor.

What are the typical applications of backhoe trucks?

Backhoe trucks are used in a wide range of applications, including digging trenches, excavating foundations, loading and unloading materials, clearing debris, grading terrain, and performing various utility tasks such as laying pipes and cables.

How does a backhoe truck operate?

A backhoe truck is typically operated by a trained operator who sits in a cab located above the chassis. The operator controls the movement and functions of the backhoe using hydraulic levers and pedals.

The loader bucket on the front end is used for lifting and transporting materials, while the digging bucket on the back end is used for excavation and digging tasks.

What are the advantages of using a backhoe truck?

Some advantages of using a backhoe truck include its versatility, compact size (compared to separate loader and excavator units), ease of transportation between job sites, and the ability to perform multiple tasks with a single piece of equipment. Additionally, backhoe trucks are known for their relatively simple operation and low maintenance requirements.

What are some popular brands of backhoe trucks?

Several manufacturers produce backhoe trucks, with some of the most popular brands including Caterpillar, John Deere, CASE Construction, JCB, Komatsu, and Volvo Construction Equipment. Each brand offers a range of models with different specifications and features to suit various applications and budgets.

How do I choose the right backhoe truck for my needs?

When selecting a backhoe truck, consider factors such as the size and scope of your projects, the terrain and working conditions at your job sites, the required digging depth and reach, and your budget.

It’s also essential to evaluate the reputation of the manufacturer, the availability of parts and service support, and any additional features or attachments that may enhance productivity and versatility.

What maintenance is required for a backhoe truck?

Routine maintenance for a backhoe truck typically includes checking fluid levels, inspecting hydraulic hoses and connections, lubricating moving parts, inspecting and replacing worn or damaged components, and performing regular service intervals as recommended by the manufacturer.

Proper maintenance helps ensure the reliability, efficiency, and longevity of the equipment.

Can I rent a backhoe truck instead of purchasing one?

Yes, many equipment rental companies offer backhoe trucks for short-term or long-term rental. Renting can be a cost-effective option for occasional or temporary projects, providing access to the equipment without the upfront investment and ongoing maintenance costs associated with ownership.