Current Best 10 Excavator Truck Brand Recommendations

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The excavator truck occupies a crucial position within diverse industries, including construction, mining, forestry, and demolition. Renowned for their robust capabilities, these machines excel in various tasks, spanning from excavation and lifting to loading and transporting hefty materials.

Within this comprehensive guide, we will dissect the essence of the excavator truck, scrutinizing its attributes, operational capacities, and the pivotal considerations pivotal in selecting the optimal model tailored to your specific requirements. Furthermore, we will offer valuable insights into leading brands presently dominating the market landscape, empowering you to make well-informed decisions when procuring this indispensable equipment.

What is Excavator Truck?


Excavator truck play a vital role in construction sites, facilitating tasks such as digging, lifting, and relocating substantial amounts of soil and debris. Operated by diesel engines, these earth-moving machines employ a hydraulic system comprising hydraulic fluid, cylinders, and motors.

Although primarily used for excavation, they can be equipped with a range of attachments for diverse functions like driving piles, clearing land, loading materials, and leveling terrain.

Identifiable features of excavators include their articulated arms, buckets, rotating cabs, movable tracks, and varying sizes. While generally sizable, their dimensions differ across models.

For example, Caterpillar’s smallest mini-excavator truck weighs approximately 2,070 pounds and boasts 13 horsepower, whereas their largest model, the CAT 6090, weighs a staggering 2,160,501 pounds and delivers 4,500 horsepower.

What Is The Purpose of an Excavator?

Excavators are versatile heavy machinery primarily designed for earthmoving tasks, including digging holes, foundations, and trenches. Their application spans various industries, including construction, mining, and demolition.

Attachments greatly enhance an excavator’s capabilities. Hydraulic-powered attachments like grapples, augers, and breakers expand its functionality, allowing tasks beyond traditional excavation.

Excavators often collaborate with other heavy equipment like loaders and bulldozers to accomplish diverse tasks. These may include:

  • Digging trenches, holes, and foundations
  • Material handling
  • Brush cutting
  • Forestry work and mulching
  • Demolition
  • Mining
  • River dredging
  • Hydro excavation for accessing delicate underground infrastructure
  • Pile driving
  • Shaft drilling
  • Snow removal
  • Aircraft recycling

Their adaptability and broad range of applications make excavators indispensable across various industries.

7 Types of Excavators

An essential asset on construction sites requiring the movement of substantial soil volumes, excavators represent popular earthmoving vehicles equipped with a bucket, arm, rotating cab, and movable tracks.

These integral components furnish exceptional digging prowess and maneuverability, enabling the heavy machinery to execute diverse tasks, from trench excavation and hole drilling to waste removal and mine excavation.

The categorization of excavators encompasses various types tailored to specific operational needs:

  1. Crawler Excavators: Equipped with tracks for stability and traction, ideal for rugged terrain.
  2. Wheeled Excavators: Featuring wheels for enhanced mobility on paved surfaces or softer ground.
  3. Dragline Excavators: Specialized in heavy-duty digging operations, particularly in mining.
  4. Suction Excavators: Employing suction mechanisms for precise excavation in sensitive environments.
  5. Skid Steer Excavators: Compact excavators with a pivoting chassis, suitable for maneuvering in tight spaces.
  6. Long Reach Excavators: Designed with extended arms for accessing deep or hard-to-reach areas.
  7. Mini Excavators: Compact machines adept at handling smaller-scale digging and drilling tasks.

Excavators find extensive application across contractor and industrial domains, including mining, road construction, building development, and demolition activities. Their utility varies based on size and capabilities, with smaller units geared towards intricate tasks like precise digging and larger models equipped for heavy-duty projects.

Considerations when selecting an excavator truck for rental encompass factors such as size, speed, and compatibility with on-site conditions, including available space and soil characteristics.

Familiarity with the distinct features and applications of crawler, dragline, suction, skid steer, and long reach excavators facilitates informed decision-making regarding their deployment in various construction scenarios.

Top 10 Excavator Manufacturers In The World

Excavators are heavy-duty machinery designed for earth-moving tasks, demonstrating exceptional performance in various engineering construction projects including highways, bridges, buildings, breeding ponds, underground engineering, and emergency excavation, among others.

These versatile machines offer the option to equip a range of attachments, enhancing their adaptability to diverse tasks. Below is a compilation of leading excavator truck manufacturers worldwide, organized alphabetically by brand name, offering a quick overview of top-class options in the market.

Additionally, special mention is made of prominent manufacturers specializing in mini excavators, addressing a pertinent consideration for potential buyers. This list serves as a valuable resource to streamline the initial phase of the purchasing decision-making process.

1. Case

Case is a renowned brand in the realm of construction equipment, specializing in earth-moving solutions since its establishment in 1842. The company operates on the ethos that simplicity is superior, driving its commitment to delivering effective equipment solutions.

Within its extensive lineup, Case offers a range of excavators tailored to various operational needs. These include full-size excavators, midi excavators, and mini excavators.

Operating weights of Case excavators span from 3,910 pounds (approximately 2 metric tons) to 178,575 pounds (around 90 metric tons), predominantly focusing on crawler-type configurations.

  • Brand Name: Case Construction Equipment
  • Founded: 1842
  • Headquarters: Turin, Italy
  • Employees: Over 42,000

Excavator Products:

  • C Series Mini Excavators:
    • CX17C
    • CX60C
  • Midi Excavators:
    • CX75C SR
    • CX80C
  • Full-Size Excavators (D Series):
    • CX130D
    • CX750D

Operating Weight Range:

  • From 3,910 pounds (about 2 metric tons) to 178,575 pounds (about 90 metric tons)


  • Mainly on crawler-type excavators.

2. Caterpillar

Caterpillar, a renowned leader in the excavator manufacturing industry, boasts a rich legacy spanning approximately a century. Established in 1925 and headquartered in Deerfield, Illinois, United States, the company operates a vast network of branches worldwide, solidifying its prominent position in the global market.

Benefitting from extensive expertise, Caterpillar is distinguished for its exceptional innovation capabilities. Among its remarkable achievements is the creation of the largest excavator to date, weighing in at a staggering 1,000 tons. This colossal machine, the 6090 FS model, features a substantial 52 m3 bucket and an impressive 93.6-tonne payload.

Key Facts:

  • Founded: 1925
  • Headquarters: Deerfield, Illinois, U.S.
  • Employees: 97,300

Caterpillar offers a comprehensive range of excavator products tailored to various needs, including:

  • Mini Excavators (300.9D to 303.5E2 CR)
  • Small Excavators (311F L RR to 323)
  • Medium Excavators (320 GC to 335F L)
  • Large Excavators (336 GC to 395)
  • Specialized Variants: Demolition, Long Reach, Wheel, Frontless Excavators

3. Hitachi

Since its establishment in 1910 with the inauguration of Hitachi’s inaugural electric motor repair shop in Japan, the Hitachi brand has cultivated a legacy spanning over a century.

From the advent of the recent Dash-6 construction excavators to the introduction of the EX-7 Series mining excavators, Hitachi has consistently evolved its offerings to meet industry demands.

Hitachi prioritizes the performance of its equipment, leading to its trackhoes earning a distinguished reputation for efficiency, reliability, and durability. The company emphasizes its unwavering focus on research and development, ensuring that its excavators remain at the forefront of innovation without diversion.

Hitachi’s excavator truck lineup encompasses a diverse array of types, including compact, utility, construction/production, mining, wheeled, and reduced-tail-swing variants, catering to a wide spectrum of earth-moving needs.

Key Information:

  • Founded: 1910
  • Headquarters: Chiyoda City, Tokyo, Japan
  • Consolidated Subsidiaries: 873 companies
  • Excavator Products: Compact (ZX17U-5 ~ ZX60USB-5), Utility (ZX130-6 ~ ZX210-6), Construction (ZX250LC-6 ~ ZX870LC-6), Reduced-tail-swing (ZX75US-5 ~ ZX345USLC-6), and more.

4. Hyundai

Since its establishment, the Korean multinational enterprise has diversified its product offerings beyond earth-moving machinery. Notably, it has demonstrated considerable expertise in manufacturing excavators, loaders, and dozers.

Presently, the company boasts a comprehensive lineup of excavators tailored to various applications, including mining, foundation building, and scrap handling.

In comparison to crawler excavators, Hyundai’s wheeled trackhoes have garnered greater popularity, attributed to their operational efficiency and remarkable hydraulic power.

  • Founded: 1985 (Hyundai Construction)
  • Headquarters: South Korea
  • Subsidiaries: 5
  • Excavator Products:
    • HX series of medium to large track hoes
    • Models: HX130A LCR to HX900L
    • Operating weight range: 13,445kg to 93,730kg

5. JCB

JCB, derived from the initials of Joseph Cyril Bamford, signifies the legacy of the company’s founder who initiated his enterprise just 75 years ago. Over time, this British family-owned business has evolved into a leading provider of comprehensive construction equipment.

JCB’s diverse range of excavation equipment encompasses mini excavators, wheeled excavators, tracked excavators, and backhoe loaders, among others.

Key Details:

  • Founded: 1945
  • Headquarters: Rocester, United Kingdom
  • Workforce: Approximately 11,000 employees
  • Excavator Product Lines: Mass Excavation (ME), Extra Duty (XD), High Reach Demolition (HRD)

6. John Deere

John Deere, a distinguished American multinational corporation established in 1837 by its namesake, John Deere, originally a blacksmith, has evolved into one of the foremost manufacturers of excavators worldwide. Emphasizing user-friendly technology, the company prioritizes both productivity and sustainability in each of its excavator truck models.

Their extensive range of hydraulic excavators encompasses compact, mid-size, and large variants, with operating weights ranging from 3,800 LB to 188,750 LB.

Key Details:

  • Founded: 1837
  • Headquarters: Moline, Illinois, U.S.
  • Workforce: 69,600 employees (as of 2020)

Excavator Product Line:

  • Compact/Mini (Models: 17G to 60G)
  • Mid-size (Models: 75G to 380G LC)
  • Large (Models: 470G LC to 870G LC)

7. Komatsu

Established in 1921, Komatsu, like many other Japanese enterprises, boasts a rich historical background. Recently celebrating its 100th anniversary, Komatsu is boldly moving ahead into the next century. The company is dedicated to imbuing its earthmoving machinery with intelligence, striving to develop smart and eco-friendly products.

Komatsu is renowned for its excavators, which feature integrated 3D GPS systems alongside other cutting-edge technologies. These innovations enhance the excavators’ operational efficiency and facilitate easier maintenance.

Key Information:

  • Founded: 1921
  • Headquarters: Tokyo, Japan
  • Number of Employees: 59,632
  • Excavator Product Range:
    • Small: PC30MR-5 to PC88MR-11
    • Mid-size: PC130-11 to PC210LC-11WH
    • Large: PC360LCi-11 to PC1250LC-11 MH

8. Liebherr

The Liebherr Group, established in 1949 by company founder Hans Liebherr, operates as a family-run enterprise, with its business activities and organizational structure deeply influenced by its founder.

Over a span of more than 70 years, Liebherr has developed 13 distinct product segments, extending beyond construction machinery such as excavators, loaders, and cranes to include refrigeration and freezing machines.

As a prominent player in the heavy equipment industry in Europe, the German-based company has garnered a reputation for excellence. Notably, Liebherr’s excavators are characterized by a unique nomenclature, with model names beginning with R, A, or P and concluding with the designation “Litronic.”

  • Founded: 1949
  • Headquarters: Bulle, Switzerland
  • Employees: 48,049 (2019)
  • Product Segments:
    • Construction Machinery
    • Refrigeration and Freezing Machines
  • Excavator Series:
    • R Series
  • Unique Features of Excavators:
    • Model names start with R, A, or P and end with “Litronic”
  • Excavator Specifications:
    • Wheeled Track Hoes:
      • Operating Weight: 12,100 kg to 27,500 kg
    • Crawler Track Hoes:
      • Operating Weight: 14,900 kg to 101,200 kg
    • Dredging Excavators:
      • Operating Weight: 270,000 kg to 580,000 kg


SANY Group, established in 1989 and headquartered in Changsha, China, stands as a leading enterprise in China’s engineering machinery sector. In recent years, it has garnered increasing recognition internationally, buoyed by its strategic expansion through the establishment of overseas subsidiaries.

With a primary focus on infrastructure construction-related products, SANY leverages China’s growing economic strength and global influence, resulting in significant export growth for its products.

Key Details:

  • Founded: 1989
  • Headquarters: Changsha, China
  • Employees: Approximately 90,000

Excavator Product Range:

  • Mini Excavators: SY16C to SY35U
  • Compact Excavators: SY50U to SY155U
  • Medium Excavators: SY215C to SY265C
  • Large Excavators: SY365C, SY500H

10. Volvo CE

Volvo Construction Equipment (Volvo CE) is a subsidiary of the Swedish automotive manufacturer Volvo, operating within the realm of construction equipment. Emphasizing a shared commitment to safety, both entities prioritize the principle of “safety first.”

Volvo CE has expanded its portfolio through the acquisition of various manufacturers such as Åkerman, Zettelmeyer, Samsung, and Ingersoll Rand. Its range of products encompasses loaders, haulers, pavers, feller bunchers, and more.

The excavators offered by Volvo CE are categorized into several series, including the D series, C series, and B Prime series. Additionally, the product lineup incorporates models from Åkerman’s H series and EC series.

  • Volvo Construction Equipment (Volvo CE):
    • A subsidiary of the Swedish automotive manufacturer Volvo
    • Prioritizes the principle of “safety first”
    • Acquired manufacturers such as Åkerman, Zettelmeyer, Samsung, and Ingersoll Rand
    • Product range includes loaders, haulers, pavers, feller bunchers, etc.
  • Excavator Series:
    • D series
    • C series
    • B Prime series
    • Åkerman’s H series
    • EC series
  • Company Information:
    • Founded: 1832
    • Headquarters: Gothenburg, Sweden
    • Employees: 13,397 (2016)
  • Excavator Products:
    • Mini (ECR18E ~ ECR88D)
    • Medium wheel (EWR130E ~ EW240E MH)
    • Medium Crawler (EC140E ~ ECR235E)
    • Large Crawler (EC250E ~ EC950F)

Excavator Truck Manufacturers In Japan

Renowned Japanese companies like:

  1. Hitachi
  2. Komatsu
  3. Sumitomo
  4. Marubeni
  5. Kobelco
  6. Topy
  7. Yanmar
  8. Mitsubishi
  9. Kubota
  10. Takeuchi

Excavator Truck Manufacturers In USA

In addition to renowned names such as:

  1. Terex
  2. Bobcat
  3. JLG

Excavator Truck Manufacturers In China

Domestic brands in China are actively working to regain market share within their own territory. Excavator manufacturers such as:

  1. XCMG
  2. Sany
  3. Liugong
  4. Zoomlion
  5. SDLG
  6. Shantui
  7. CIMC

are experiencing significant growth in their respective sectors.

Excavator Truck Manufacturers In India

Apart from the subsidiaries of major multinational corporations operating in India, the domestic excavator manufacturing sector is experiencing significant growth. Key players in this sector include:

  1. L&T
  2. Mahindra CE
  3. ACE CE
  4. Deccan CE
  5. Nakoda

For details regarding excavator brands originating from the UK, Italy, Spain, Korea, Malaysia, South Africa, and other countries, please reach out to us via email.

The Best Mini Excavator Truck Manufacturers

Prominent track hoe manufacturers wield significant influence in the production of exceptional mini excavators. Among the most sought-after brands in recent years are Kubota, JCB, Bobcat, and Komatsu. Certain models from these manufacturers consistently enjoy high demand, such as:

  1. Kubota
  2. JCB
  3. Bobcat
  4. Komatsu

Specific models from these manufacturers consistently enjoy high demand, including:

  • Kubota KX41-2 V
  • JCB 8018 CTS

Performance-price Ratio Matters More Than Brands At Times

Aside from the previously mentioned top 10 brands, there are other notable excavator truck brands deserving attention, not only due to their comparable quality and performance but also owing to their pricing strategies.

One such brand is ACE. Emphasizing cost-effectiveness, ACE offers more affordable and reasonable options, providing added benefits to users. With operating weights ranging from 5.95 tons to 48.9 tons and digging forces between 37.7 kN and 267 kN, ACE’s excavators cater to common and universal needs.

This approach has led to a distinct market positioning and the cultivation of unique product features, including high operating efficiency and convenient upkeep.

Furthermore, the moderate pricing of ACE excavators makes them particularly appealing to customers in developing countries. Thus, ACE presents an ideal option among these brands, especially for those with budget constraints in procurement decisions.


What is the typical lifespan of an excavator?

The operational lifespan of an excavator truck can extend beyond 15 years in theory. However, prolonged usage may lead to increased mechanical wear and internal structural loosening, consequently raising the failure rate. With diligent maintenance and proper care, it’s possible for an excavator to remain operational for over 20 years.

What are the various attachments available for excavators?

Excavators boast versatility largely due to their compatibility with a range of attachments. Common excavator truck attachments include digging buckets, grabs, rock breakers, augers, rippers, concrete pulverizers, and similar tools.

How do I determine the right size of excavator for my project?

The appropriate size of an excavator truck depends on various factors such as the type of work, site conditions, and accessibility. Generally, smaller excavators are suitable for compact spaces or light-duty tasks, while larger excavators are ideal for heavy-duty applications or larger construction projects.

Consulting with equipment professionals or manufacturers can help determine the optimal size for your specific needs.

What safety precautions should be followed when operating an excavator?

Operating an excavator requires adherence to strict safety protocols to prevent accidents and injuries.

Key precautions include undergoing proper training and certification, wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) such as helmets and safety vests, conducting pre-operation equipment checks, maintaining a safe distance from hazards and bystanders, and following manufacturer guidelines for safe operation and maintenance.

How can I maintain my excavator truck to ensure optimal performance?

Regular maintenance is crucial for preserving the efficiency and longevity of an excavator. This includes routine inspections of critical components such as hydraulic systems, tracks, and attachments, timely replacement of worn-out parts, lubrication of moving parts, cleaning air filters, and monitoring fluid levels.

Additionally, scheduling periodic servicing by qualified technicians can address any underlying issues and prevent potential breakdowns.